Based on the 2010-2013 “Life in Kyrgyzstan” household panel survey, we analyze the export participation of small-scale farmers in Kyrgyzstan. Focusing on smallholders that take part in sales activities, we first estimate the factors that determine whether they export the main share of their agricultural output instead of selling it on the domestic market. In a second step, we analyze whether the smallholders can derive a higher welfare from export participation than from domestic market participation. Moreover, since Kyrgyzstan cannot escape the rise in quality standards in its major agricultural export destinations, we also focus on the impact of quality requirements on smallholder export participation and welfare.